Require Comprehensive Reporting
Resistance & Aggression Report
All officers must complete a Response to Resistance/Aggression (RRA) report as soon as practical following the incident. Officers also complete reports in all instances of injury, observation of injury, complaint of excessive force, and/or force used above the level of balance displacement. The report is reviewed by the officer's sergeant, the operations bureau commander and then the Chief for compliance with law, policy, and training (see Policy 3-6-8 Steps in Processing Report). The Chief can also order an investigation and/or further review be completed in the event corrective action needs to be taken and/or serious injury or death resulted due to use of force by a member of the division (see Policies 3-6-12 Administrative Review of Response to Resistance or Aggression or Other Use of Force and 3-6-13 Chief Review of Incident). Furthermore, the Chief completes an annual use of force analysis to determine if current training and policy modifications are needed (see Policy 3-6-8).
Policy & Procedures
In addition to these eight recommendations, our division also has a policy addressing the need for officers to render appropriate aid to the subject (see Policy 3-6-15). It is important to also address the division's policy, procedure, and training to prevent Biased Based Profiling. Policy 2-3-47 Biased Based Profiling stipulates that personnel will not engage in this behavior, which is contrary to the division's mission and core values (see Policy 2-3-47). Furthermore, this policy delineates the following: "Agency personnel shall receive training in areas concerning biased based profiling, including traffic stops, search issues, asset seizure and forfeiture, interview techniques, cultural diversity, discrimination and community support required training." Officers complete annual training on these concepts. Since 2016, officers have completed the following courses respectively: 2016-Policing in the 21st Century: Use of Force and De-Escalation, Community - Police Relations focusing on Implicit Bias, Procedural Justice and Blue Courage as well as Constitution Use of Force, 2017-Legal Update-Civil Liability for Officers, 2018- Policing Cultural Diverse Communities, 2019 Racial Profiling/Implicit Bias. In addition to training, the policy also mandates an annual administrative review (see Policy 2-3-47).
Code of Ethics
The division also adheres to the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Canons of Ethics. All personnel is expected to abide by these ethics. In addition, personnel is required to complete ethics training at least biannually (see Policy 1-1-4 Canons of Police Ethics/Law Enforcement Code of Ethics). Over the last three years, personnel has completed the Ohio Ethics Commission training course as well as a course titled Professionalism and Ethics.